CÁMARA NACIONAL

DE LA INDUSTRIA TEXTIL

History

The National Chamber of the Textile Industry / CANAINTEX is an entity founded on May 7th, 1937 with the purpose of representing, promoting and defending the general interests of the Textile Industry in the Mexican Republic.


Considering the Textile Industry as the sector focused on the production of fiber, yarn, fabric and others such as clothing, linen and other textiles highly specialized aimed to different sectors such as the Automotive and Aviation Industry; ever since it was established, CANAINTEX has been
composed by businesses committed to each of the links of the production chain, including those of the vertical Integration which consolidate all the production processes.

History and process of the Textile Industry

History

This is the central element of the project “Del Campo al Aparador” (From the field to the apparel), driven by CANAINTEX as a Business Plan between the Federal Government and the private initiative. This allows the integration of the Greatest National Content to all the production chain, aligning itself to the objectives of the National Development Plan 2019-2024.

BACKGROUND OF THE TEXTILE INDUSTRY IN MEXICO

It is said that the word “Cotton” comes from the Arab term “al”: the, and “qutn” which is also
received from the indian “godon”. However, in Mexico this natural fiber received different names depending on the geographic area:

  • Ichcatl – Azteca
  • Tucata – Mixteco
  • Xilla – Zapoteco
  • Panamac – Papantla’s dialect
  • Xurata – Purepecha
  • Tuxnue – Txotxil
  • Sliá – Chatino

Before the arrival of the Spanish, the Indians wove thick and fine fabrics which were decorated with interwoven feathers on them. Lorenzo Boturini Benaducci, historian and chronicler of the indigenous cultures in New Spain, according to him, one of these fabrics was sent to Rome and drew attention due to its finesse.

In terms of the tools, the aztecs used a spindle called “malacatl”. While for weaving they had a loom called “otate” that consisted in hanging up the threads in two crossed sticks and to start forming the cloth with the “chochopaxtli” which we now know as “lanzadera” (shuttle).